Collaborative Learning Approaches and Integrating Collaborative Learning Tools - Integrating instructional design and technology to support rapid change (2023)

gary galante


gary galante


Cape Breton University


The 2020 international COVID-19 pandemic, which closed schools and college classes around the world, accelerated the need to be able to offer online learning opportunities for students. Many universities already have online courses. High schools have also begun to embrace e-learning by offering a variety of online courses (see Nova Scotia Virtual Schools (NSVS..., n.d.)). However, the urgent need was to convert existing face-to-face courses to a fully online environment. It is accepted that an effective e-learning environment combines elements of behaviourist, cognitivist and constructivist learning theories. It is also accepted that each of these learning theories is enhanced by collaborative learning approaches, whether synchronous or asynchronous. Many educators already offer hybrid courses that contain online and offline components, often with collaborative elements. For the purposes of this article, the focus is on online collaborative learning tools like Moodle or Google Apps for Education (GAfE). These can be used to enhance a hybrid learning environment or, in the context of the current international crisis, to offer courses completely online.


Online Learning, Learning Theory, Collaborative Online Learning, Research Community, Google Apps for Education, G-Suite

Collaborative Learning Approaches and Integrating Collaborative Learning Tools - Integrating instructional design and technology to support rapid change (1)Collaborative learning approaches and integration of collaborative learning tools(09:48)

Instruction in the public school system of Nova Scotia, Canada, is probably similar to instruction in most North American school systems: teachers are given a curriculum document with outcomes to be taught within a time frame. specific, often within a semester or academic school. year. Some courses have prescribed textbooks and other resources assigned. The goal is to design units and lessons to cover prescribed outcomes while providing engaging and memorable learning opportunities for students. As with any human endeavor, some teachers are better instructional designers and more effective in delivery than others. It must be recognized that there are a myriad of individual, cultural, and societal considerations that affect student learning that are not addressed in this article. However, there is pedagogical theory and knowledge that must form the basis of any effective instructional design, whether instruction takes place offline or online. Therefore, before delving into collaborative approaches in online education, we will first briefly examine the role of three traditional educational theories (behavioral, cognitive, and constructivist theory) in online learning environments.

Brief overview of educational theory in online learning

InA blended learning approach to course design and implementation, Hoic-Bozic, Mornar and Boticki (2009) state that “high-quality learning environments in general and high-quality online learning environments in particular must be based on multiple learning theories” (p. 21). Three of these theories are addressed below:

behavioral theory

Behavioral theory receives perhaps the least pressure in the context of online learning. Hoic-Bozic et al. (2009) state that also online, "students need approval and support, which must be provided as soon as possible" (p.20). InA design framework for online learning environments, Sanjaya Mishra (2002) also suggests "Using self-assessment questions embedded as interactive activities in learning materials" (p. 495) as an example of an online approach to incorporating behavioral theory.

theory of cognitivism

The theory of cognitivism as described by Linda Harasim in her bookLearning theory and online technologies, affirms that "learning is easier when the new contents are compared with existing knowledge and are structured or representative" (2017, p. 51). People often use the analogy of the mind as a computer that processes information to describe this theory. It certainly makes sense to activate prior knowledge and sometimes improve the skills required to get closer to achieving the learning objective. Any online learning design should also achieve this.

constructivist theory

Constructivist theory is “today the most widely accepted learning model in education” (Hoic-Bozic et al., 2009, p.21). Fernando and Malikar support this idea in their workConstructivist teaching/learning theory and participatory teaching methods(2017), who states that "advocates for a participatory approach in which students actively participate in the learning process... knowledge is not obtained passively but is actively built" (p. 110). Heather Smith, inImplement constructivist e-learning with instructional design, Conditions:

Course developers can use instructional design principles to systematically and intentionally integrate constructivist learning projects into a web-based course. Activities such as discussion forums, WebQuests, and puzzles foster student-teacher and student-student relationships that engage students in an online environment. (Smith, 2017)

Please note that many of the proposed constructivist activities are collaborative in nature. In fact, a collaborative approach can be used to enhance activities related to any of the above learning theories.

What are collaborative learning approaches?

Most of the time, discussions about collaborative learning and its benefits in both offline and online settings start with the idea that knowledge building is somehow achieved through interaction with others. This idea is often attributed to the Russian psychologist Lev Vygotsky, who noted in his book many years agothought and language(originally published in 1934) states that “learners advance through stages of cognitive development by socially mediated situations” (quoted in Hirtle, 1996).

in your articleCollaborative Learning: A Sourcebook for Higher Education,Smith and MacGregor reflect on this idea and say:

Collaborative learning creates an intellectual synergy of many minds working on a problem and the social stimulation of mutual engagement in a common effort. This mutual exploration, search for meaning, and feedback often leads to a better understanding by students and the creation of a new understanding for all of us. (Smith & MacGregor, 1992)

There appears to be a significant body of research and evidence supporting these claims, suggesting that collaborative learning is an essential component of quality learning, some of which will be addressed shortly. However, given this evidence, it becomes crucial that collaborative learning approaches be applied to the design of computer-based collaborative learning (CSCL) environments.

Two particular approaches to collaborative learning that I would like to explore further are Linda Harasim's work on online collaborative learning (OCL) and Garrison, Anderson and Archer's work on the Community of Inquiry (CoI) model.

Online collaborative learning

Describing OCL, Harasim says in his bookLearning theory and online technologies(2017):

OCL theory provides a learning model in which students are encouraged and supported to collaborate to create knowledge: to invent, to explore ways to innovate, and thus to seek the conceptual knowledge needed to solve problems, rather than to recite what they are thinking. is the correct answer. (quoted in Bates, 2019, p. 170)

Collaborative Learning Approaches and Integrating Collaborative Learning Tools - Integrating instructional design and technology to support rapid change (2)

Illustration 1:Online collaborative learning model by Linda Harasim: pedagogy of group discussion (2017) (Bildquelle:

Harasim presents three key stages for building knowledge in OCL: idea generation, idea organization, and intellectual convergence (see Appendix, Figure A). Online learners must be able to collect ideas, analyze and discuss them and reach a level of intellectual synthesis, understanding and consensus, usually through a collaborative work or task (as in Bates, 2019, p. 170 cited).

Paper that allows students to interact in this way. Yes, as Tony Bates points out in his bookTeaching in the Digital Age – Second Edition(2019), the role of the teacher remains crucial for the success of collaborative online learning, "not only to facilitate the process and provide appropriate resources and learning activities that foster this type of learning, but also as a representative of a community of knowledge or a subject area ensuring that the basic concepts, practices, standards and principles [are] integrated” (p. 171).

community of inquiry

A community of inquiry (CoI) is “a group of people who collectively engage in purposeful critical discourse and reflection to construct personal meaning and affirm mutual understanding” (Bates, 2019, p. 172). The CoI model described by Garrison, Anderson, and Archer inCritical Inquiry in a Text-Based Environment: Computer Lectures in Higher Education(1999) affirm that "learning within the community occurs through the interaction of three central elements...cognitive presence, social presence and teacher presence" (p.3). in your articleDesign of a research community in online courses, Holly Fiock (2020) presents a comprehensive table of classroom activities (p. 141) for online teachers that can be implemented to support learning in the CoI model.

Collaborative Learning Approaches and Integrating Collaborative Learning Tools - Integrating instructional design and technology to support rapid change (3)

Figure 2:Garrison, Anderson, and Archer's Research Community Model: Media (1999)

In general, strategies for incorporating cognitive presence into course design can include student self-selection and resource sharing within the subject matter being taught, and facilitating critical analytical discussions (Fiock, 2020, p. 139). Social presence can be established not only through the creation of collaborative projects, problem-solving activities and small group discussions, but also through the early creation of group cohesion through open communication, personal profiles, photos , welcome messages, student profiles, class size limitation. , structured learning activities, and activities in which students can incorporate feelings and personal experiences (p. 139). In terms of classroom presence, teachers can establish this by providing a framework for how the course structure helps students, creating mini-lectures, incorporating personal insights into course material, facilitating speech, reviewing feedback from students and encourage discussion. Assess student understanding and provide detailed feedback to the student as a content expert (p. 140). In general, the teacher plays a key role in the three core elements, setting the mood, selecting the content, and facilitating the discourse (see Appendix, Figure B).

Although there are many similarities with the OCL and CoI models, the most important finding is that both models emphasize the importance of using collaborative learning approaches in education, emphasizing their particular application in online education.

How can technology be used to support collaborative learning approaches?

There is research that, in terms of the development of higher order thinking skills, suggests that online environments are as powerful or even more powerful than face-to-face courses (Resta & Laferrièrre, 2007, p. 70). The collaborative nature of these environments would certainly have an impact. The ability of online platforms to allow synchronous and asynchronous communication would be an advantage in this regard.

It has been argued that asynchronous communication allows more time to reflect on and refine a contribution than synchronous communication...[However] synchronous communication tools, such as web video conferencing, allow for more direct social interaction and feedback between students and teachers , which potentially leaves less time for reflection, but allows direct correction of misunderstandings and can lead to more student engagement. (Giesbers et al., 2014)

It should be noted that even in fully asynchronous online environments, a strong faculty presence, as indicated in the CoI model, can ensure a positive collaborative learning experience for students. There are many online platforms or tools that can be used effectively to implement a collaborative online learning approach.

Online tools for collaborative learning

Popular online learning platforms include Moodle, Edmodo, Canvas, and Google Apps for Education. Moodle is used for many online courses at universities and also in many hybrid primary school classrooms in Nova Scotia, Canada and around the world. Each platform probably has its own merits. However, for the purposes of this article, the focus is on a platform that is widely available to students and teachers around the world and can be used to deliver online courses, i.e. h Google Apps for Education or GAfE (Google for Education, n.d.).

What is GAFe?

Google Apps for Education (GAfE), sometimes called G Suite for Education, is an integrated cloud-based authoring, collaboration, and communication tool. All the content created can be easily shared with others. Because it's cloud-based, students and teachers can collaborate synchronously and asynchronously from any device on the Internet. With the proliferation of portable technology in society, such as smartphones, tablets, or laptops, this becomes a convenient and cost-effective way for many school districts to implement a powerful online collaborative learning tool.

GAfE to support collaborative learning approaches

With a single login, students and teachers have access to a host of Google apps, including:

google class

Google Classroom generally acts as the main organizational platform and the main communication point of contact with students. In this area, a teacher could post short videos of lectures or other course content for students to view and review asynchronously at their convenience and pace to increase cognitive presence in support of the CoI model. He can also create and publish collaborative activities, communicate with students, and create a social presence to support the CoI model. A teacher could also collect information through surveys and questionnaires using Google Forms. Additionally, assignments can be created and posted to Google Classroom, with the ability to provide descriptive feedback directly on submitted work, including a grade, and create teacher presence, again to support the CoI model. The collaborative aspects of Google Classroom also clearly fit into the OCL model.

Google provides a video tutorial that shows you how to set up Google Classroom and use it to set up classes, create and organize content, and provide feedback on assignments.

Collaborative Learning Approaches and Integrating Collaborative Learning Tools - Integrating instructional design and technology to support rapid change (4)Class 101(01:50)

Google Docs, Spreadsheets, Presentations

These applications allow students and teachers to collaborate on documents, spreadsheets, and presentations synchronously and asynchronously. This supports Harasim's OCL model by providing opportunities for idea generation and organization, along with the synthesis of a consensus product or understanding.

google sites

Google Sites is an easy-to-use website creation tool that allows teachers to create websites, potentially to host curriculum. It is also a creative platform that would allow students to collaborate to create, organize and present content to support the OCL and CoI models.

the google group

Google Groups can be created and used to enable organized, threaded discussions that explore and extend course content, fostering communication, conversation, and collaboration that lead to deeper understanding, in support of the OCL and CoI models.

Hangouts the Google

Google Hangouts allowed students and teachers to host synchronous live sessions where they could collaborate, join discussions, or participate in debates to build teachers and a social presence in support of the CoI model.

Google formula

Here a teacher can create forms, tests, or surveys that can be shared on Google Classroom. Google Forms automatically collects, compiles, and analyzes responses. A teacher could post surveys and quizzes using Google Forms before, during, and/or after activities to collect formative information and encourage deeper interaction with course material to encourage cognitive and teacher presence in support of the CoI model.


GAfE can be used to create secure email accounts for all students and teachers. This is another collaboration tool for teachers and students that allows secure communication from any device online and supports both OCL and CoI models.

Google Drive

With Google Drive, students and teachers have access to a large storage space where they can securely organize assignments, documents or lesson plans and access them from any device. All content stored here can also be easily shared to support OCL and CoI models.

Jamboard the Google

Google Jamboard acts as an interactive smart board where teachers and/or groups of students can collaborate on a virtual whiteboard to sketch or brainstorm, again in support of the OCL and CoI models.

Google's privacy policies and procedures and terms of service can be viewed at

While privacy settings can be adjusted within specific products, they can also be adjusted using the Google Product Policy Guide (available at

For more privacy information specific to G Suite for Education, including the ability to choose a region where data is stored, see

Copyright ©

Designers and instructional professionals must continue to comply with copyright laws when using and posting instructional materials. Materials on copyright law and fair dealing policies can be downloaded from the Council of Ministers of Education of Canada (CMEC)

Accessibility and digital access

Google has many products and features for designers and users to support digital accessibility. For more information, see

Depending on the decisions of system administrators, some jurisdictions may have problems accessing certain applications. For example, Google Hangouts, a video calling app, is currently disabled for students at the Conseil Scolaire Acadien Provincial (CSAP) in Nova Scotia, Canada.

As educators across the country and the world rush to develop online course structures, it is important to keep in mind that effective online learning design is firmly grounded in traditional behaviorist, cognitivist, and constructivist learning theories. Collaborative approaches to learning, such as Harasim's online collaborative learning model and Garrison, Anderson, and Archer's community of inquiry model, have been shown to be beneficial for students' cognitive development. There are many online platforms, including Google Apps for Education, that can be used to create courses that support these OCL and CoI models. Within Google Apps for Education and with Google Classroom, the creative potential of an educational designer to create an effective, engaging, and collaborative online course is virtually limitless. This GAfE product is a comprehensive, affordable, and easily accessible collaborative learning tool for any educator interested in transitioning to an online learning environment.

Bates, A. W. (2019).Teaching in the Digital Age – Second Edition. Vancouver, BC: Tony Bates Associates Ltd. Obtenido de

Fernando, S. and Marikar, F. (2017). Constructivist teaching/learning theory and participatory teaching methods. 110-122. Obtained from

Fiock, H. (2020). Design of a research community in online courses.International Journal of Research in Open and Distributed Learning,21(1), 134-152. do:

Garrison, D., Anderson, T. & Archer, W. (1999). Critical inquiry in a text-based environment: computer conferencing in higher education.Internet and Higher Education,2(2-3), 87-105. Obtained from

Giesbers, B., Rienties, B., Tempelaar, D. & Gijselaers, W. (2014). A dynamic analysis of the interaction of asynchronous and synchronous communication in online learning: the influence of motivation.Computer Assisted Learning Magazine, 30(1), 30-50.

Google for Education. (North Dakota.). Obtained from

Google for Education (8 de enero de 2019).Class 101. [Youtube video]. available from

Harasim, L.M. (2017).Learning Theory and Online Technologies (2nd ed.). Nueva York: Rouledge

Hirtle, JSP (1996). Sort yourself out: social constructivism.The English Journal, 85(1), 91-92. doi: 10.2307/821136

Hoic-Bozic, N., Mornar, V. & Boticki, I. (February 2009). A blended learning approach to course design and implementation [PDF file].Educational Transactions 52(1), retrieved from

Mishra, S. (2002). A design framework for online learning environments.british magazine of educational technology, 33(4), 493-496. Obtained from

NSVS launch pad. (North Dakota.). Obtained from

Resta, P. and Laferriere, T. (2007). Technology to support collaborative learning.Journal of Educational Psychology, 19(1), 65–83. doi: 10.1007/s10648-007-9042-7

Smith, BL, MacGregor J. (1992).Collaborative Learning: A Sourcebook for Higher Education. University Park, PA: National Center for Postsecondary Teaching, Learning, and Assessment (NCTLA). 9-22. Obtained from

Smith H. (2017). Implement constructivist e-learning with instructional design. In Desmarais P. and Fuller, M. (eds.),Learning theory and educational technology..Idaho: Boise State University. Obtained from

Take, D. (January 31, 2018). Synchronous learning vs. asynchronous learning in online education. Obtained from


Collaborative Learning Approaches and Integrating Collaborative Learning Tools - Integrating instructional design and technology to support rapid change? ›

By incorporating tools such as virtual classrooms, shared documents, video conferencing tools, and online forums into your lesson plan, you are providing students with opportunities to not only enhance their learning experience but also build important professional skills such as digital literacy and communication.

How can you integrate technology in collaborative learning? ›

By incorporating tools such as virtual classrooms, shared documents, video conferencing tools, and online forums into your lesson plan, you are providing students with opportunities to not only enhance their learning experience but also build important professional skills such as digital literacy and communication.

What are the collaborative learning approaches? ›

A collaborative (or cooperative) learning approach involves pupils working together on activities or learning tasks in a group small enough to ensure that everyone participates. Pupils in the group may work on separate tasks contributing to a common overall outcome, or work together on a shared task.

What are the 5 steps collaborative learning process? ›

You will probably remember the five phases for cooperative learning described earlier, in the "Exploration" section. They are (1) forming a question, (2) identifying goals, (3) creating a rubric, (4) assigning a specific assessment task, and (5) reflecting to adjust. These provide a good framework for your lesson plan.

What is an example of a collaborative approach in teaching? ›

Ask students to sit in groups of three. Assign roles. For example, the person on left takes one position on a topic for debate, the person on right takes the opposite position, and the person in the middle takes notes and decides which side is the most convincing and provides an argument for his or her choice.

What are the 7 ways technology supports collaborative learning? ›

Technology affords learner opportunities to (1) engage in a joint task, (2) communicate, (3) share resources, (4) engage in productive collaborative learning processes, (5) engage in co-construction, (6) monitor and regulate collaborative learning, and (7) find and build groups and communities.

What is an example of collaborative technology? ›

Asynchronous collaborative software examples may include phone messages, group calendars, document sharing and enterprise resource management systems. The brief waiting periods that characterise this software can be important for communication.

What are the 5 types of collaborative teaching? ›

They include: one teach, one support; parallel teaching; alternative teaching; station teaching; and team teaching.

What are two ways used in collaborative learning? ›

Collaborative learning can occur peer-to-peer or in larger groups. Peer learning, or peer instruction, is a type of collaborative learning that involves students working in pairs or small groups to discuss concepts or find solutions to problems.

What are the benefits of collaborative learning in the classroom? ›

Here are 11 key benefits of collaborative learning:
  • Improves problem-solving skills. ...
  • Encourages social interaction. ...
  • Promotes diversity. ...
  • Improves communication skills. ...
  • Inspires creativity. ...
  • Creates trust. ...
  • Improves confidence. ...
  • Encourages engagement.
Feb 3, 2023

What are the 4 basic principles of collaborative management? ›

The principles are: focus on mission before organi- zation; manage through trust, not control; promote others, not yourself; and build constellations, not stars.

What is the role of the teacher in collaborative learning? ›

Collaborative teachers differ in that they invite students to set specific goals within the framework of what is being taught, provide options for activities and assignments that capture different student interests and goals, and encourage students to assess what they learn.

What are the four types of collaboration in education? ›

Within this continuum, four types of teacher collaboration are described: 1) storytelling and scanning for ideas; 2) aid and assistance; 3) sharing methods and materials; and 4) joint work.

What are three examples of approaches used in co teaching? ›

Six Co-Teaching Strategies
  • One Teach, One Assist. One teacher acts as the primary teacher while the other assists and supports. the learners. ...
  • One Teach, One Observe. • ...
  • Station Teaching. • ...
  • Parallel Teaching. • ...
  • Alternative (Differentiated) Teaching. • ...
  • Team Teaching. •

How do you collaborate with other teachers on approaches to teaching? ›

Strategies for Building Teacher Collaboration
  1. Create a truly shared vision and goals. The level of ownership they feel in the process influences how much teachers actually invest in collaborative work. ...
  2. Develop a sense of community. ...
  3. Identify group norms. ...
  4. Use discussion and dialogue. ...
  5. Work through conflict.

What are the three 3 different types of collaborative technologies? ›

For example, collaboration technology can take many forms; email software, conferencing and instant messaging are some of the most common examples.

What are the five key principles in integrating technology in the classroom? ›

  • Adding Value. The choice of any particular technology, be it a tool or a process, must be based on the principle it adds value to the task at hand. ...
  • A Pedagogical Focus. ...
  • Quality. ...
  • Sustainability. ...
  • Access. ...
  • Scalability. ...
  • Sharing. ...
  • Choice.
Jun 17, 2020

What types of technology can be used to support collaboration? ›

Educational technology, such as video conferencing, digital writing applications, wikis, and social bookmarking tools can help to fuel students' ability to grow their collaborative skills.

What is an example of collaborative design? ›

Collaborative design happens when you involve people from different fields starting from the early stages of a project. For example, you might involve a developer, UX writer, and a product designer to work on a new modal.

Which is the best example of collaboration? ›

Some applicable examples of collaboration in the workplace include brainstorming, group discussions, reaching a consensus about processes or analyzing problems, and finding solutions.

What is a simple example of collaboration? ›

Some examples of how collaboration skills look in the workplace include: Communicating updates to your manager to solicit feedback. Recognizing other team members for their hard work. Sharing insights and helpful tips with team members to improve group processes.

What are 3 characteristics of collaborative classroom? ›

Characteristics of a Collaborative Classroom
  • Shared knowledge among teachers and students. ...
  • Shared authority among teachers and students. ...
  • Teachers as mediators. ...
  • Heterogeneous groupings of students.

How do you teach collaboration in the classroom? ›

One of the best ways to train your students to work collaboratively is through game playing. Cooperative classroom games help students become critical thinkers, learn to work with one another and establish a positive classroom environment. The best part? Kids have fun while developing these skills!

What are collaborative structures in the classroom? ›

Collaborative structures imply the provision of both time and space for teachers to interact. Time is perhaps the most precious resource, and time to meet and talk is an essential resource for schools. Collaboration is time-consuming and staff need to be provided with adequate time to interact.

How does collaborative learning impact students performance? ›

In the collaborative learning environment, regardless of the level of learning achievement, students generally perform better than their peers who study alone (Aitken, 1982), and in the process of collaborative learning, students' communication with each other is also considered helpful (Bruffee, 1982).

What is the purpose of collaboration in the classroom? ›

Learning Collaboratively Helps Students

Plan activities that give students the opportunity to work and collaborate together to learn and grow from each other. Collaborative learning has been shown to not only develop higher-level thinking skills in students, but boost their confidence and self-esteem as well.

What are the challenges of collaborative learning? ›

The main challenge faced in cooperative and collaborative learning is group conflict. Students need to learn to work together. It is not always something that comes naturally. You can teach skills like praising others, taking turns for equal participation, and shared decision making.

What are the three 3 important aspects of collaboration? ›

Ok, so what are 3 important skills for teamwork and collaboration...
  • Workplace communication.
  • Respect for diversity in the workplace.
  • Build trust with employees.

What are the 6 C's of collaboration? ›

What are the 6 “C”s? Character, Citizenship, Collaboration, Communication, Creativity, and Critical Thinking.

What are four 4 ways to build collaboration? ›

How can you build team collaboration?
  • Pinpoint and promote a purpose for collaboration. Until your employees understand why they should collaborate, building team collaboration will be an uphill battle. ...
  • Lead by example. ...
  • Celebrate diverse personalities. ...
  • Offer rewards or incentives for collaboration.
Aug 11, 2022

Which skills does a teacher need for collaboration? ›

Teacher collaboration involves:
  • debating, planning, and problem-solving together.
  • inquiring together, using evidence and research to guide decision-making.
  • capitalising on each other's strengths and working with each other's weaknesses.
  • actively contributing to a respectful and supportive learning environment.

What role does collaboration play in lesson and instructional design? ›

The primary purposes of collaboration include: identifying and sharing effective academic, behavior, and social-emotional instructional practices, ensuring that practices are consistent across all providers, and ensuring that the students benefit from those practices.

What is the most effective form of collaboration? ›

Team Collaboration

This is one of the most common types of business collaboration in the workplace. In this version, all the members of the group know each other. Each person knows what their role on the team involves and how it impacts other team members.

How do you create a collaborative learning environment? ›

10 Strategies to Build on Student Collaboration in the Classroom
  1. Deliberately select which students will work together. ...
  2. Size the groups for maximum effectiveness. ...
  3. Teach your students how to listen to one another. ...
  4. Set the rules of language and collaboration. ...
  5. Make goals and expectations clear.

What are the three main approaches to teaching and learning? ›

Three approaches to teaching and learning in education: Behavioral, piagetian, and information-processing.

What are the two main approaches in teaching and learning? ›

The two main types of teaching methods & strategies are teacher-centered instruction and student-centered instruction. In teacher-centered instruction, the teacher plays an active role while the student plays a more passive role.

What makes a classroom group and collaboration successful? ›

Establish norms around working in a group.

The best teams understand that common expectations are crucial for success. Take time before the first meaningful collaborative work to create norms around communication, meetings, organization, and decision making. Define team roles and size.

What collaborative approach to instruction in which two teachers work together to plan and then implement instruction for a single class? ›

Co-teaching is a collaborative approach to instruction in which two teachers, typically a general education teacher and a special education teacher, work together to plan and then implement instruction for a class that includes students with disabilities.

How do you encourage teachers to plan lesson collaboratively? ›

Top tips for collaborative lesson planning
  1. Focus on the benefits to teachers early on, and how it will develop them as professionals.
  2. Start small and engage your core group with shaping subsequent sessions.
  3. Use your curriculum meeting time effectively.

How can technology enhance collaboration? ›

A fundamental requirement for collaboration is communication. Technology can aid this by providing platforms to disclose what people are working on and thinking about. This can help minimize the "surprise" disagreements.

What is the importance of technology in collaborative learning? ›

Technologically-supported collaborative learning enhances language development as students learn in social interactions; commenting on each other's work prompts learners to share their experiences, reflect on their own and their classmates' work and analyze it thus developing their critical thinking skills.

What are the benefits of technology in collaborative learning? ›

8 benefits of social and collaborative learning technologies
  • Builds connections and engagement between employees. ...
  • Enables just-in-time learning. ...
  • Cements learner knowledge when they teach others. ...
  • Allows established employees to pass on institutional knowledge. ...
  • Gets employees answers questions more quickly.

How does technology enhance the collaboration of students in a classroom? ›

Physical and social barriers that usually prevent students from communicating and sharing ideas are broken down by tech. Artificially intelligent machines are set to streamline production and data management tasks, while softer human skills including collaboration are thought to help us work alongside tech.

How do you use digital tools in your classroom to encourage collaboration? ›

Check out our favorite tools below: Google Hangouts(Open Link in new tab) or Skype(Open Link in new tab)– These web chat platforms make it easy for students to collaborate outside of the classroom. Just send invites directly from the site to connect instantly.

What kind of technology has increased collaboration? ›

Video conferencing, webinar, and VoIP were the first categories of software businesses needed to lean on to allow them to continue strategizing how to move forward during the pandemic.

What are 4 benefits of collaborative learning? ›

Why use collaborative learning?
  • Development of higher-level thinking, oral communication, self-management, and leadership skills.
  • Promotion of student-faculty interaction.
  • Increase in student retention, self-esteem, and responsibility.
  • Exposure to and an increase in understanding of diverse perspectives.


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